COMMON GARDEN HERBS
Common Name Type* Family Botanical Name Part Used Common Usage
Anise A Umbelliferae Pimpinella anisum seeds, leaves  pastries, eggs, cheese
Anise-Hyssop P Labiatae Agastache foeniculum flowers nectar for honey; seasoning
Arugula P Cruciferae Eruca vesicaria leaves salads
Australian Roundleaf Bush Mint P Labiatae Prostranthera rotundifolia leaves tea, salads, vegetables, liqueurs
Aztec Sweet Herb TP Labiatae Lippia dulcis leaves medicinal
Baby's Breath, Manchurian P Caryophyllaceae Gypsophila paniculata root medicinal
Basil, African Blue TP Labiatae Ocimum kilimanscharicum x O. basilicum leaves scent, culinary (camphor scent and taste)
Basil, Cinnamon A Labiatae Ocimum basilicum (var.)  leaves same as standard basil
Basil, East Indian TP Labiatae Ocimum gratissimum leaves scent, culinary (clove scent and taste)
Basil, Holy A Labiatae Ocimum sanctum  leaves scent, rarely cooking
Basil, Lemon A Labiatae Ocimum basilicum (var.)  leaves same as standard basil
Basil, Licorice A Labiatae Ocimum basilicum (var.)  leaves same as standard basil
Basil, Rubin A Labiatae Ocimum basilicum (var.)  leaves same as standard basil
Basil, Sweet A Labiatae Ocimum basilicum leaves sauces, meats, pesto, ethnic cuisines
Basil, Thai A Labiatae Ocimum basilicum (var.)  leaves same as standard basil
Betony P Labiatae Stachys officinalis leaves tea, medicinal
Borage HA Boragaceae Borago officinalis leaves, flowers tea, salads
Calendula HA Compositae Calendula officinalis flowers soups, stews, poultry, saffron substitute
Cat Thyme P Labiatae Teucrium marum leaves cat euphoric
Catmint P Labiatae Nepeta x fassenii leaves tea
Catnip P Labiatae Nepeta cataria leaves cat euphoric, tea
Catnip, Camphor P Labiatae Nepeta camphorata ornamental ornamental
Catnip, Lemon P Labiatae Nepeta cataria citriodora leaves cat euphoric, tea
Chamomile, Roman P Compositae Anthemis nobilis flowers tea
Chives P Liliaceae Allium schoenoprasum leaves salad, general cooking
Chives, Garlic P Liliaceae Allium tuberosum leaves salad, general cooking
Citronella Grass TP Graminae Cymbopogon nardus leaves insect repellant
Clary Sage B Labiatae Salvia sclarea leaves, seeds eyewash (seeds), potpourris
Comfrey P Boragaceae Symphytum officinalis levaes medicinal (unsafe)
Coriander (Cilantro) A Umbelliferae Coriandrum sativum leaves, seeds Mexican, Asian, Indian cooking
Costmary P Compositae Chrysanthemum balsamita leaves tea, salads, soups
Cuban Oregano P Labiatae Plectranthus amboinicus leaves Latin meat, vegetable dishes
Curry Plant P Compositae Helichrysum angustifolia leaves salads, meats (not source of curry powder)
Dill HA Umbelliferae Anethum graveolens leaves, seeds sauces, salads, fish, pickling brine
Dittany of Crete P Labiatae Origanum dictamnus leaves medicinal
Dyers' Chamomile (Marguerite) P Compositae Anthemis tinctoria flowers dye
Epazote A Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium ambrosiodes leaves Mexican cooking, esp. beans
Fennel, Florence (Finnochio) TP Umbelliferae Foeniculum vulgare (var.) leaves, seeds, bulb sauces, salads, pastries (seeds)
Feverfew P Compositae Chrysanthemum parthenium) leaves ornamental and reputed headache remedy
Fo-Ti P Polygonaceae Polygonum multiflorum leaves Chinese herbal remedy: "Elixir of Life"
Garlic P Liliaceae Allium sativum bulbs, leaves tomato and other sauces, meats
Ginger TP Zingiberaceae Zingiber officinale root curries, sauces, stir fry, baking
Horehound P Labiatae Maurrubitum vulgare leaves candy, medicinal
Horseradish P Cruciferae Armoracia rusticana root condiment
Hyssop P Labiatae Hyssopus officinalis leaves salads, soup, liqueurs
Lambs Ear P Labiatae Stachys byzantina leaves ornamental, wreaths, wound salve
Lavender, French P Labiatae Lavandula dentata leaves, flowers scent, dye, flavoring
Lavender, Pinnata P Labiatae Lavandula pinnanta leaves scent, flavored jellies
Leek P Liliaceae Allium porum stem, bulb soups, meats, vegetables
Lemon Balm P Labiatae Melissa officinalis leaves tea, salads, vegetables, marinades
Lemon Grass P Poaceae Cymbopogon citratus leaves flavoring Oriental soups and other dishes
Lemon Verbena P Verbenaceae Aloysia triphylla leaves tea, fish, poultry, potpourris
Licorice P Leguminosae Glycyrrhiza glabra root flavoring
Lovage P Umbelliferae Levisticum officinale seeds, leaves seasoning, salads
Majoricum P Labiatae Teucrium majoricum leaves scent
Marjoram P Labiatae Origanum majorana leaves tomato and other sauces, meats, vegetables
Marjoram, Golden P Labiatae Origanum marjorana leaves culinary
Mexican Bush Sage P Labiatae Salvia leucantha ornamental ornamental, rarely culinary
Mexican Coriander A Umbelliferae Eryngium foetidum leaves cilantro substitute
Mexican Mint Marigold P Compositae Tagetes lucida leaves excellent tarragon substitute and for tea
Mint, "Eau de Cologne" P Labiatae Mentha x pipitera (var.) leaves meats, tea, salads, vegetables, liqueurs
Mint, Apple P Labiatae Mentha suaveolens  leaves tea, salads, vegetables, liqueurs
Mint, Basil P Labiatae Mentha sp. leaves tea, salads, vegetables, liqueurs
Mint, Chocolate P Labiatae Mentha x pipitera (var.) leaves tea, salads, vegetables, liqueurs
Mint, Ginger P Labiatae Mentha x gentilis "variegata" leaves tea, salads, vegetables, liqueurs
Mint, Grapefruit P Labiatae Mentha x gentilis "variegata" leaves tea, salads, vegetables, liqueurs
Mint, Orange Bergamot P Labiatae Mentha x pipitera (var.) leaves tea, salads, vegetables, liqueurs
Mint, Peppermint P Labiatae Mentha x pipitera leaves meats, tea, salads, vegetables, liqueurs
Mint, Pineapple P Labiatae Mentha suaveolens "variegata" leaves tea, salads, vegetables, liqueurs
Mint, Spearmint  P Labiatae Mentha spicata leaves tea, salads, vegetables, liqueurs
Mint, Water P Labiatae Mentha aquatica leaves tea, salads, vegetables
Mitsuba (Japanese parsley) P Umbelliferae Cryptotaenia japonica leaves, leaf stalks soups,salads, fried foods
Myrtle, Dwarf P Myrtalacae Myrtus communis leaves, flowers sachets, potpourris, cooking (leaves)
Nasturtium A Tropaeolaceae Tropaeolum majus leaves, flowers, seeds salads, general cooking
Nepitella (Lesser Calamint) P Labiatae Calamintha nepeta leaves Italian cuisine
Onion, Bunching (Scallion) P Liliaceae Allium sepa (var.) leaves, bulb salads, stir fry, general cooking
Onion, bulbing P Liliaceae Allium sepa (var.) leaves, bulb general cooking
Oregano P Labiatae Origanum vulgare leaves tomato sauces, meats, eggs, breads
Oregano, Greek P Labiatae Origanum herculaneum leaves tomato sauces, meats, eggs, breads
Parsley, Curled B Umbelliferae Petroselinum crispum leaves garnish, general cooking
Parsley, Flat B Umbelliferae Petroselinum crispum "neopolitonom" leaves garnish, general cooking
Purple Cone Flower P Compositae Echinacea angustifolia leaves medicinal
Rau Ram (Vietnamese Coriander) TP Polygonaceae Polygonum odoratum leaves Indochinese cuisine, esp. soups
Rosemary, Creeping P Labiatae Rosemarinus officinalis "prostratus" leaves meats, vegetables
Rosemary, Upright P Labiatae Rosemarinus officinalis leaves meats, vegetables
Rue P Rutaceae Ruta graveolens leaves medicinal, flavoring (unsafe)
Saffron P Liliaceae Crocus sativus stigmas cooking spice, dye
Sage, Baumgartten P Labiatae Salvia officinalis leaves poultry, stuffing, meats, vegetables
Sage, Garden P Labiatae Salvia officinalis leaves poultry, stuffing, meats, vegetables
Sage, Pineapple TP Labiatae Salvia elegans leaves poultry, stuffing, meats, vegetables
Sage, Tricolor  P Labiatae Salvia officinalis cv. leaves poultry, stuffing, meats, vegetables
Salad Burnett P Rosaceae Poterium sanguisorba leaves salads, flavored vinegars, iced beverages
Santolina P Compositae Santolina officinalis leaves ornamental
Savory, Winter TP Labiatae Satureja hortensis leaves teas, legumes, soups
Scented Geranium, Cinnamon P Geraniaceae Pelargonium tomentosum (var.) leaves jellies, teas, sachets, potpourris
Sesame A Umbelliferae Sesamum indicum seeds breads, cakes
Sorrel, French P Polygonaceae Rumex acetosella leaves salads
Southernwood P Compositae Artemisia abrotanum leaves medicinal, insect repellant, tea
Speedwell P Labiatae Veronica spicata ornamental flowering ornamental
Stachys hidalgo (no common name) P Labiatae Stachys hidalgo ornamental creeping ornamental with pink flowers
Sweet Woodruff P Labiatae Galium odoratum leaves vanilla scented for punch, herbal remedies
Tarragon, French P Compositae Artemsia dracunculus leaves salads, French sauces, eggs, cheeses
Thyme P Labiatae Thymus vulgaris leaves meats, fish, tomato sauces, vegetables
Thyme, "Coccineus" P Labiatae Thymus praecox "Coccineus" oranmental groundcover
Thyme, Caraway P Labiatae Thymus herba-barona leaves meats, fish, tomato sauces, vegetables
Thyme, Golden P Labiatae Thymus vulgaris "Aureus" leaves meats, fish, tomato sauces, vegetables
Thyme, Lemon P Labiatae Thymus vulgaris "Citrata" leaves meats, fish, tomato sauces, vegetables
Thyme, Lime P Labiatae Thymus vulgaris cv. leaves meats, fish, tomato sauces, vegetables
Watercress P Tropaeolaceae Nasturtium officinale leaves salads
Woad P Compositae Isatis tinctoria flowers blue dye
Wormwood P Composite Artemisia absinthe leaves flavoring, medicinal (unsafe)
Yarrow P Compositae Achillea millefolium leaves medicinal, dye, ornamental

*TYPE KEY: A = Annual (Spring/Summer only) HA = Hardy Annual(year round) B = Biennial P = Perennial TP = Tender perennial

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